Ice Hockey History

Ice Hockey origin

There is a dispute about exactly where the ice hockey originates. Similar sports have been found in countries such as the UK and the Netherlands in the 16th century. The most likely is that ice hockey is a mix of several older but forgotten sports.

Canada has been awarded the title of Ice Hockey’s Birth Federation when the first real match where two named teams were played on a limited ice rink, all names of the players were recorded, and the game was played with a flat puck at Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, in 1875.

The first rules for the sport were written by students at the McGill University in Montreal in 1877. After that, the ice hockey spread quickly across Canada and stands as national sport today.

Ice Hockey to Europe

The first game played in Europe was at Prince’s Skating Club in Knightsbridge, England in 1902. In 1905, the first two international matches between Belgium and France were played.

Three years later, the International Hockey Federation (IIHF) was founded in Paris, France on May 15th. Representatives from Belgium, France, the United Kingdom and Switzerland signed the first documents.

History’s first European Championship was played between 10-12 January 1910 in Lex Avants, near Montreux, Switzerland. The four official participants were Britain, Germany, Belgium and Switzerland as well as “Oxford Canadiens” who was a group of Canadian players who studied in Oxford and competed as a non-official competitor. Britain is the first to take an international title in ice hockey.

Womens´s hockey has been more and more established over the lapse of the years and is today an Olympic sport, where USA and Canada are the two most successful countries.